erdinand III. Joseph Johann Baptist Arch Duke of Austria – Tuscany

born on May 6, 1769 in Florence, Italy
died on June 18, 1824 in Florence, Italy

Comes from the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, he was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790 to 1801, then as Ferdinand I Elector of Salzburg and Grand Duke of Würzburg, and again Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1814 to 1824.

Reference to the Goldener Adler

He was a guest at the Goldener Adler on August 29 and 30, 1819, visited Ambras Castle and attended a maneuver of the Kaiserjäger at Husselhof.
Also his son Leopold II. Grand Duke of Tuscany was in our house on August 15, 1819 with his wife Anna of Saxony.


xcursion tip

In keeping with the Kaiserjäger, we recommend that those interested make a trip to the Bergisel, where the Kaiserjäger Museum and the Urichhaus (clubhouse of the Alt-Kaiserjäger Club and the Tyrolean Kaiserjäger Association) are located.

The annual Kaiserjäger shooting also takes place here.

Life and facts

Archduke Ferdinand III of Austria was born in 1769, the second son of Grand Duke Peter Leopold of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.

With his father’s succession to the throne asEmperor (Leopold II) of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, the latter conferred the Grand Duchy of Tuscany on him on July 22, 1790, and he took over the affairs of state a year later.

He was the first sovereign to recognize revolutionary France, but pressure from other principalities forced him to take a stand against France and go to war.

In 1799 he wasdriven out of Tuscany by French troops.

However, Ferdinand was compensated by the Treaty of Paris between the French consul Napoleon Bonaparte and Ferdinand’s older brother, Emperor Franz II, with the newly formed Electorate of Salzburg.

This state territory was formed by secularization from church property.
With the Peace of Pressburg in 1805, Salzburg went to the Empire of Austria.
As compensation, Archduke Ferdinand was given the Grand Duchy of Würzburg. There he was received with joy and soon ensured greater religious freedom by relaxing Bavarian laws on religious practice.

In terms of foreign policy, he had little choice but to align himself closely with Napoleonic France.

It was only after the Battle of Leipzig that Ferdinand severed ties with France on October 26, 1813 and joined the Allied coalition against Napoleon. As a result of the Bavarian-Austrian treaty, he lost his possessions to the Kingdom of Bavaria and officially ceded Würzburg to Bavaria on 1814.

Since the Grand Duchy of Tuscany had been restituted in the Paris Peace Treaty after Napoleon’s fall on May 30, 1814, Ferdinand was finally able to return to the grand duchy he had inherited from his father, where he died in Florence in 1824.


data.cfm (innsbruck.gv.at) – Chronik von Innsbruck, zusammengestellt von Carl Unterkircher, Scriptor an der k.k. Universitäts-Bibliothek in Innsbruck. Druck und Verlag der Vereinsbuchhandlung. 1897. UB Innsbruck Separatabdruck der „Neuen Tiroler Stimmen“ 1892–1896.


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