hristian Johann Heinrich Heine

born on December 13, 1797 in Düsseldorf, Germany as Harry Heine
died on February 17, 1856 in Paris, France

He was one of the most important German poets, writers and journalists of the 19th century. He is considered one of the last representatives and at the same time an overcomer of Romanticism.

Reference to the Goldener Adler

Heinrich Heine visited the Goldener Adler in July 1832 on his journey to Italy.


xcursion tip

Talking about romance, what could we imagine for you as a romantic excursion tip?

An unforgettable day at the nearby Achensee. Start with a boat trip on this lake or a ride on one of the mountain railroads there and enjoy an incomparable panorama.

The Achensee is Tyrol’s largest lake, its five resorts are nestled in the fascinating mountain landscape of the Karwendel and Rofan mountains in the heart of the Alps.


Life and facts

Heinrich Heine was born the son of a Jewish cord merchant. At the age of six he attended a private Israelite school. Since his father was of Jewish descent, he could not transfer to a Christian school until 1804, after receiving permission from the duchy.

Heine attended the Düsseldorf Lyceum until 1814 but left the schoolwithout a leaving certificate and from then on attended a commercial school. After serving a two-year apprenticeship as a merchant in Frankfurt am Main, he joined the banking house of his wealthy uncle Salomon in 1816.

With Salomon’s financial support, Heine was able to begin studying law in Bonn in 1819.

He stayed in Bonn for a year and a half, and in 1820 he transferred to the University of Göttingen, where he also stayed for only a year because he was forcibly dismissed. Heine tried to hide his Jewish ancestry to avoid being discriminated against.

When a fellow student discriminated against him because of his Jewish origins, Heine challenged him to a duel and was thus ex-matriculated.

In 1831 he travelled to Paris, where he remained permanently.

His works had first been censored in Germany and then banned altogether in 1835. Heine made everyday language suitable for poetry, elevated the feuilleton and the travelogue to an art form, and gave German literature a previously unknown, elegant lightness.

The works of hardly any other poet in the German language have been translated and set to music so frequently to this day.

As a critical, politically engaged journalist, essayist, satirist and polemicist, Heine was as admired as he was feared.

He enjoyed life in Paris and was in contact with many of the greats who lived there, such as Frédéric Chopin, Alexandre Dumas, and Alexander von Humboldt. German writers of distinction visited him when they were in Paris, including Franz Grillparzer, and the composer Richard Wagner also kept company with him.

Heine spent the last eight years of his life in bed because he was suffering from spinal dystrophy. Heinrich Heine died in Paris on February 17, 1856. He is buried in the Montmartre cemetery.

His most famous works are the “Loreley” poem and “Germany, a Winter’s Tale”.



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