nna Amalia Duchess of Sachsen-Weimar and Eisenach

born on October 24, 1739 in Wolfenbüttel, Germany
died on April 10, 1807 in Weimar, Germany

Born Anna Amalia von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, she became the Duchess of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach through her marriage. She worked as a regent, patron and composer.

Reference to the Goldener Adler

She visited the Goldener Adler on June 5 and 6, 1790. She was on her way home from Italy and stayed here for 2 nights. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe had accompanied her.

When she was in Innsbruck, she also visited Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria. She was received and entertained in the Giant Hall of the Hofburg on the first day, and on June 6 was escorted to the Court Box for the performance of the comedy “The Betrothal” and the melodrama in two acts “Bernardo and Blandine”.


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Anna Amalia would probably have felt “at home” here, in the House of Music Innsbruck. An open house that spans generations and genres. It offers cultural events from the independent scene to the established high culture for a wide range of audiences.

Nine permanent tenants and users, events of the Innsbruck and Tyrolean institutions and own events enliven the cultural location and make the Innsbruck House of Music as the center of the new cultural quarter. A milestone in the Tyrolean cultural landscape that can no longer be ignored and beyond its borders.

Tyrolean Singers’ Association, Tyrolean Folk Music Association, Tyrolean Regional Theater and Symphony Orchestra Innsbruck, Festival of Ancient Music, Tyrolean State Conservatory, Wind Music Association Tyrol, Master and Chamber Concerts Innsbruck, University of Innsbruck, Mozarteum University

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Life and facts

Anna Amalie (actually Anna Amalia) was born the fifth of thirteen children of Duke Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and Philippine Charlotte of Prussia, a sister of Friedrich the Great.

At the age of sixteen, she married two years older Duke Ernst August Konstantin of Saxe-Weimar, and gave birth to two sons. When her husband died after three years, Anna Amalie administered the regency for her underage son. She manages the duchy with human and economic skill.

During the famine of 1771-72, she immediately had food distributed that she herself could only obtain with difficulty.

Despite the burden of some official duties, she cultivated the arts, especially music. She took lessons in composition and piano from Ernst Wilhelm Wolf and gathered a circle of musicians around her.

In 1775, freed of all official duties, she devoted herself entirely to her artistic and scientific inclinations. She founded the Deutsches Schauspiel in Weimar and can also be considered the actual initiator of the Weimar museums.

In 1788-90 she left Weimar to study the fine arts as well as music in Italy. In 1799 she wrote a book about music, which is unfortunately lost.

Music was probably her greatest love.

Anna Amalie received the careful training of distinguished 18th century dilettantes. She would never have considered herself a composer in today’s sense; nevertheless, her compositions testify to a solid skill, extensive knowledge of the music of her time, and a musical sense of style.


Bornhak, Friederike. 1892. Anna Amalia, Herzogin von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, die Begründerin der klassischen Zeit Weimars. Berlin. F. Fontane & Co.

Brandes, Irma & Ursula Mauch. 1990. Ich habe viel gelebt in diesen wenigen Tagen. Essays. (Über Therese Forster-Heyne, Caroline Schlegel-Schelling, Caroline von Humboldt, Madame de Staël, Amalie von Sachsen-Weimar) Frankfurt/M.; Berlin. Ullstein TB 30233.

Ghibellino, Ettore. 2004. J. W. Goethe und Anna Amalia: Eine verbotene Liebe. 2., stark erw. Aufl.. Weimar. Denkena.

Henkel, Gabriele & Wulf Otte. 1995. Herzogin Anna Amalia – Braunschweig und Weimar, Stationen eines Frauenlebens im 18. Jahrhundert. Wolfenbüttel.

Salentin, Ursula. 2001. Anna Amalia: Wegbereiterin der Weimarer Klassik. Köln/Wien/Weimar.

Werner, Charlotte Marlo. 1996. Goethes Herzogin Anna Amalia – Fürstin zwischen Rokoko und Revolution, Düsseldorf.
(Innsbrucker Chronik, Hrsg. Konrad Fischnaler, Innsbruck 1930, S. 244)

data.cfm (innsbruck.gv.at) – Chronik von Innsbruck, zusammengestellt von Carl Unterkircher, Scriptor an der k.k. Universitäts-Bibliothek in Innsbruck. Druck und Verlag der Vereinsbuchhandlung. 1897. UB Innsbruck Separatabdruck der „Neuen Tiroler Stimmen“ 1892–1896.

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